اطلاع جویی مشارکتی: مفاهیم، ابعاد، سیستم ها

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه علم اطلاعات و دانش شناسی دانشگاه قم

2 کارشناس ارشد علم اطلاعات و دانش شناسی دانشگاه قم

چکیده

هدف: در ابتدا جستجوی اطلاعات، فعالیتی فردی در نظر گرفته می‌شد، اما مطالعات در زمینه اطلاع‌ جویی نشان داد که افراد در طول فعالیت‌های جستجوی اطلاعات با یکدیگر همکاری دارند. هدف مقاله حاضر معرفی و تشریح مباحث مرتبط با اطلاع‌ جویی مشارکتی است.
روش: این مقاله به روش مروری با بهره‌ گیری از منابع موجود، پس از تشریح مفاهیم اطلاع‌جویی و همکاری، به تعریف اطلاع‌جویی مشارکتی، ابعاد و سیستم‌ هایی که از فرایند اطلاع‌ جویی مشارکتی حمایت می‌کنند، پرداخته است.
یافته‌ها: مطالعه حاضر نشان می‌دهد تعریف واحدی در بین محققان برای اطلاع‌ جویی مشارکتی وجود ندارد و محیط‌های اطلاع‌جویی مشارکتی تحت تاثیر همکاری آشکار در مقابل ضمنی، همزمان در مقابل غیرهمزمان، هم مکان در مقابل توزیع شده و عمق میانجی گری قرار دارند و حاصل مطالعات در زمینه اطلاع‌ جویی مشارکتی، ایجاد سیستم‌هایی می‌باشد که از این فرایند پشتیبانی می‌کند.
نتیجه گیری: اطلاع‌ جویی مشارکتی را می توان مطالعه انگیزه‌ها، روش‌ها، و سیستم‌هایی دانست که افراد را قادر می‌سازد تا در فرایند جستجو اطلاعات همکاری داشته باشند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Collaborative Information Seeking: Concepts, Measures, Systems

نویسندگان [English]

  • Yaghob Norouzi 1
  • Samaneh Khavidaki 2
1 Department of information and knowledge of the University of Qom
2 M. A. of Information Science and Knowledge, Qom University
چکیده [English]

Purpose: Formerly, searching for obtaining information was regarded an individual activity; however, studies show that people collaborate with one another in the process of obtaining information. The purpose of this paper is to introduce and explain issues related to collaborative information seeking.
 Method: This paper describes an overview of information seeking and collaboration, collaborative information seeking, with its dimensions and systems discussed.
 Results: This study shows that there is no single definition of collaborative information seeking among researchers. Dimensions of collaboration include explicit vs. implicit, depth of mediation, synchronous vs. asynchronous, co-located vs. distributed pieces of information. The results of studies on collaborative information indicate that researchers create systems that support this process.
 Conclusion: Collaborative information seeking aspires to study the motifs, methods, and systems which enable individuals to collaborate in the information seeking process.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Information seeking
  • Collaboration
  • collaborative information seeking
  • information systems

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