Information literacy, knowledge sharing and entrepreneurial capabilities of Qom University students

Document Type : Original Article


1 Assistant Professor, Literature & Human Sciences Faculty, University of Qom, Qom, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Literature & Human Sciences Faculty, University of Qom, Qom, Iran.


Aim: The aim of this paper is to determine the multiple relationship between Information literacy, Knowledge sharing, and Entrepreneurial Potential of Qom University students.
Methodology:The research method is a descriptive and multivariate correlation. The statistical population includes all undergraduate and doctoral students (3476 people) of Qom University in the academic year of 2019-2020 and the sampling method is stratified-random. The sample size was 346 people according to Cochran's formula. Data were collected through questionnaires of information literacy of Solomon, Wilson& Taylor (2007), Knowledge Sharing of Van den Hooff & de Ridder, and Entrepreneurial Potential of Mirza Safi, Rajaipour & Jamshidian (2011). The validity of these questionnaires was confirmed using content validity and their reliability was calculated by calculating Cronbach's alpha coefficient.
Results: There is a significant and multiple relationship between information literacy (Definition of information needs, information location, information evaluation, information organization, information exchange) and knowledge sharing (Knowledge donation and knowledge gathering) with students' entrepreneurial abilities.
Conclusion:Students with information literacy have the ability to understand and develop new ideas and play an effective role in knowledge production, transfer and exploitation and will play an effective role in developing entrepreneurial skills and activities for the development goals of society and the country.


Baroutiana, S. & Kensington-Millerb, B. (2016). Information Literacy: The impact of a hands-on workshop for international postgraduate students. Education for chemical engineers, 14:16- 23.
Edwards, L.J. & Muir, E.J. (2005). Promoting Entrepreneurship at the University of Glamorgan through Formal and Informal Learning. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 12(4): 613-626.
Franke, N. & Lüthje, C. (2004). Entrepreneurial intentions of business students: A benchmarking study. International Journal of Innovation and Technology Management, 1(3): 269-88.
Grant, R.M. (1996). Toward a knowledge-based view of the firm. Strategic Management Journal, 17: 22-109.
Gurol, Y. & Astan, N. (2006). Entrepreneurial characteristics among university students: Some insights for entrepreneurship education and training in Turkey. Education and Training, 48(1): 25-38.
Hezar Jaribi, J. (2003). Investigating the level of entrepreneurship of humanities graduates in the field of cultural and social publications in Tehran. PhD. Thesis. Isfahan: Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Isfahan. [In Persian]
Hisrich, R.D. & Peters, M. (2002). Entrepreneurship. New York: Mc-Graw Hil.
Hosseini, N. & Porasdi, M. (2011). Sharing knowledge and information literacy: with a review of the study status of students of the University of Law Enforcement Sciences. Disciplinary Management Research (Disciplinary Management Studies),6(11): 78-94. [In Persian]
Jacobson, C.M. (2006). Knowledge sharing between individuals. In: David Schwartz, D., ed., Encyclopedia of Knowledge Management. Hershey: Idea Group Reference: 507- 514. Retrieved from:
MacClelland, D.C. (1961). The Achieving Society. Princeton, NJ:Van Nostrand.
Marzooqi, R.; Mohammadi, M. & Keshavarzi, F. (2014). Presenting a causal model of university environment quality, knowledge sharing and academic performance of medical students of Shiraz University. Iranian Journal of Medical Education, 14(8): 17-23. [In Persian]
Mirza Safi, A.; Rajaipour, S. & Jamshidian, A. (2011). The Relationship between Information Literacy and Entrepreneurial Capabilities of Graduate Students of Isfahan University. Library and Information Quarterly, 14(53): 241-268. [In Persian]
Nagizadeh, R.; Jalalzadeh Moghadam Shahri, A. & Naghizadeh, M. (2011). Organizational structures compatible with knowledge management. In: Proceedings of the National Conference on Knowledge Management and Information Science: Links and Interactions. Tehran. Librarian Publishing. [In Persian]
Navar Siddiq, M. (2007). Investigating the relationship between knowledge exchange process and experience with the development of social capital among students living in dormitories of Shahid Beheshti University. Master Thesis. Tehran: Shahid Beheshti University. [In Persian]
Nazri, M.N.M.; Nor, N.M. & Daud, N.M. (2011). The Relationship between Students’ Absorptive Capacity and Motivation on Knowledge Transfer in Malaysian Community Colleges. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 5(8): 1217-1223.
Postigo, S. (2002). Entrepreneurship Education in Argentina: The Case of Sananders University. In: Proceedings of the Conference Entitled, The Internationalizing in Entrepreneurship Education and Training, Malaysia.
Qanadian, M. (2008). Assessing the success rate of public universities in Isfahan in fulfilling the mission of entrepreneurship. Master Thesis. Isfahan: Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Isfahan. [In Persian]
Qasemi, A.H. (2006). Assessing the information literacy status of graduate students and drafting information literacy standards for them in accordance with the four national development documents of Iran. PhD Thesis in Library and Information Science. PhD. Thesis in Library and Information Science. of Mashhad: The Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology. [In Persian]
Qelicholi, B (2009). Knowledge management: The process of creating, sharing and applying intellectual capital in businesses. Tehran: SAMT Publications. [In Persian]
Salehi, K. & Moradi Pardanjani, H. (2015). The role of university education in the development of students' entrepreneurial abilities and activities. Strategic Management Research, 21(57): 57-81. [In Persian]
Schumpeter, J. (1934). The theory of economic development. Cambridg: Harvard Univercity Press.
Sedighi, S.h.; Abdi, F. & Panahi, S. (2018). Information literacy level of graduate students in the Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences of Iran University of Medical Sciences based on the Eisenberg model. Modern Medical Information, 4(1): 30-38. [In Persian]
Siitonen, L. (1996).Information literacy: Gaps between concept and applications. In: 62nd IFLA General Conference Proceedings, August: 25-31.
Sohrabi Yurtchi, B.; Raeisi Vanani, A. & Shafia, S. (2011). Presenting a practical model for measuring the ability to share knowledge (Survey of Tehran State Universities). Iranian Journal of Information Science and Technology Research Quarterly, 26(11): 5-28. [In Persian]
Solomon, A.; Wilson, G. & Taylor, T. (2007). 100% Information Literacy Success. New York: Thomson Delmar Learning. Retrieved from:
Van den Hooff, B. & de Ridder, J. (2004). Knowledge sharing in context: the influence of organizational commitment, communication climate and CMC use on knowledge sharing. Journal of Knowledge Management, 8(6):117-130.
Wahhabi, A.; Sayadi, M.; Saneie, N.; Wahhabi, B.; Roshani, D. & Wahhabi, A. (2018). Survey of information literacy level and related factors in students of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences and Kurdistan University in 2015. Quarterly Journal of Nursing, Midwifery and Paramedical: 3(2): 45-36. [In Persian]
Zamani, A. (2003). Information literacy standards. Information science, 19(1-2): 31-34. [In Persian]