Investigating Factors Related to the Employment of graduates of knowledge and information science

Document Type : Original Article


1 M.A. Knowledge and Information Science, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Qom, Qom, Iran.

2 Associate Professor, Department of Knowledge and Information Science, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Qom, Qom, Iran


Aim: To gain a proper job position for graduates of knowledge and information science related to their studies and more graduates in this field who can experience specialized job opportunities, it is essential to investigate the factors associated with their employment. The purpose of this study is to investigate the factors related to the employment of graduates of knowledge and information science.
Methodology: This study is an applied research using a descriptive survey method that is done with a researcher-made questionnaire. Its statistical population consists of all graduates in the field of knowledge and information science of Qom University, 402 people. 302 people completed the questionnaires.
Findings: The findings showed that there is a significant relationship between the level of education of individuals with the rate of employment as well as occupations related to the field. "Lack of work" was the main cause of unemployment and the "inadequate labor market" was the major factor in the employment of unrelated jobs. 61/9% of the respondents said that the effect of total academic factors on graduates' employment growth, was high or very high. Some of these influential factors are the Existence and growth of the University Scientific Community, The University's relationship with other organizations and institutions with activities that are related to the field, Introducing collegians to organizations and centers with related activities by the University for Internship, honorary work and gaining experience, etc.
Personal interest (35.5%) and appropriate working environment (24.2%) are the most important reasons for continuing to work in the occupations related to the field. Also, most of the respondents considered that practical courses and specialized lessons meet the needs of related jobs. The length of time of employment is also associated with a desire to change jobs.
Conclusion: According to the findings, increasing the level of specialized education in this field can increase the chances of employment. In the respondents' opinions planning to implement academic factors affects their employment status, and job stability depends on resolving job problems (such as low salaries and benefits), personal interest in the job, and appropriate work environment.


Aghajan, E. (2012). Evaluation the Impact of Library and Information Science Master's Degree on Graduates in Iran. M.A. Thesis of Library and Information Sciences. Faculty of Educational Sciences & Psychology, University of Isfahan. [In Persian]
Ahmadi, S. (2014). Investigating the Employment Status of Sociology Graduates and Related Factors. Economic & Developmental Sociology, 3(1), 1-24. [In Persian]
Akhtarpour, M. (1995). Investigating the Employment Status of Library and Information Science Graduates in M.A Deegre from Public Universities Based in Tehran (1368-1372). M.A. Thesis of Library and Information science. Tehran: Faculty of Management and Medical Information, Iran University of Medical Sciences. [In Persian]
Amibi, A. & Mansouri, F. (2009). An Analysis of Factors Influencing on Youth’s Employment: A Case Study of Iran. Economic research review, 3: 121-139. [In Persian]
Babu Baral, K. (2018). Employment Status of the Graduates and Postgraduates of Janapriya Multiple Campus. Janapriya Journal of Interdisciplinary Research, 7: 100-104.
Baghfalaki, A. & Parandin, S. (2018). Investigating the Factors Affecting Unemployed Graduates of Islamic Azad University- Kermanshah Branch. Population: 24 (101-102): 59-84. [In Persian]
Bakhtiar Nasrabadi, H. & Nourouzi, R. (2005). A Study of University Graduates’ Educational and Job Status in a Ten-Year Period (1365-1375). Research bulletin of Isfahan university (humanities), 19(2): 69-82. [In Persian]
Bigdeli, Z., Taherzadeh Mousavian, S. & Shahini, S. (2017). Job Expectancy of LIS Students after Graduation. Social Development, 11(4), 155-182. [In Persian]
Dehnavi, H. (1997). Investigating the Employment Status of Management Graduates of Tehran Universities (Working in Ministries and Organizations Subject to the National Employment Law). M.A. Thesis of Governmental Management. Tehran: Faculty of Accounting and Management, Allameh Tabataba'i University. [In Persian]
Fenta, H., Asnakew, Z.S., Debele, P.K., Nigatu, S.T, & Muhaba, A.M. (2019). Analysis of supply side factors influencing employability of new graduates: A tracer study of Bahir Dar University graduates. Journal of Teaching and Learning for Graduate Employability, 10(2): 67-85.
Gandjian, H. (1974). A Survey of the Graduates in Library Science Tehran University 1971-1974, and Their Evaluation of the Library Education System. M.A. Thesis of Library Science. Tehran: Faculty of Education Department of Library Science, Tehran university.
[In Persian]
Garcia Alvarez, J., Losada, A.S. & Crespo Comesana, M. (2014). Prospects for Social employment insertion of gradutes in pedagogy in the Autonomous community of Galicia. From the university to labour market, procedia-social and Behavioral Scinces, 139(2041): 412-418.
Ghaed-Rahmat, E. (2017). Study of Social-Cultural ComponentsRrelated to the Occupation Situation of Academic Alumni in Yazd. M.A. Thesis Sociology Science. Yazd: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences,Yazd University.
Habibullah Nataj Omran, S. (2012). Survey of Employment Status, Attitude and Job Skills of Physical Education Graduates of Guilan University (in years 2004-2008). M.A. Thesis of Physical Education and Sports Science. Guilan: Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Science, Guilan University. [In Persian]
Hoseinnezhad, G. (2016). An Investigation on the Employment Status of Human Sciences Graduates of Yasouj University from 1389 to 1392 and its Relationship to Some Social and Population Variables. M.A. Thesis of sociology since. Yasouj: Faculty of Humanities, Yasouj University. [In Persian]
Jafari Harandi, R. (2019). The Assessment of the External Efficiency of the Graduates of Qom University Based on the Indicators of Employment Status and Continuing Education. Educational Measurement and Evaluation Studies, 9(27): 203-233. [In Persian]
Jahani, N. (2015). The Attitudes of Library and Information Science Students of Mahmood-Abad, Payme Noor University, Towards Their Cources and Future Career, with the Approach of Information Management. Knowledge and Information management, 1(2): 129-134. [In Persian]
Karbala Aghaee Kamran, M. (2009). A Case Study on the Employment Status of B.A. Graduates from Alzahra University in Library and Information Science During the Recession Years. National Studies on Librarianship and Information Organization, 19(4): 73-90. [In Persian]
Li, T. & Zhang, J. (2010). What determines employment opportunity for college graduates in China after higher education reform? China Economic, 21(1): 38-50.
Lutwama, E. & Kigongo-Bukenya, M.N. (2004). A tracer study of the East African School F. Library and Information Science graduates 1995-1999 working in Uganda. South African Journal of libraries and Information science, 70(2): 99-109.
Mahmoudian, H. & Rashvand, M. (2012). Demographic and Social Factors Affecting Women’s Employment of Higher Education Graduates (Case Study: Tehran). Woman in Development and politics, 10(2): 83-104. [In Persian]
Majzoob Safa, A. (1971). The Department of Library Science as Seen by Its Graduates 1967-1971. M.A. Thesis of Library Science. Tehran: Faculty of Education Department of Library Science, Universityof Tehran. [In Persian]
Mansourian, Y., Alipour, O. & Ghorbani Boosari, R. (2013). The Viewpoint of the Ph.D. Students and Alumni of Library and Information Science about the Job Prospects of this Field of Study. National Studies on Librarianship and Information Organization, 24(1): 150-165.
[In Persian]
Mehdinezhad, V. (2000). Comments of Graduates from 1993 to 1996, Pure Fields of Faculty of Basic Sciences, Sistan and Baluchestan University, on How to Attract and Employ in the Labor Market. Intra-University Research Project. University of Sistan and Baluchestan.
Mugwisi, T. & Hikwa, L. (2015). A Tracer Study of Master of Science in Library and Information Science Graduates from the National University of Science and Technology, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe. African Journal of Library, Archives and Information Science, 25(2): 173-183.
olfat, L. (2002). Some of the Factors Affecting the Employment of Graduates in Jobs Related Industries Management. Industrial Management Studies, 1(1): 11-32. [In Persian]
Rahimiyan, H., Jahani Javanmardi, F. & Noruozi, M. (2019). Alumni Employment in the Field of Educational Administration at Allameh Tabataba'i University (ATU). Management in the Islamic University, 7(16): 235-252. [In Persian]
Rahmani, M. & Ansari, M. (2018). Investigating the Educational Needs of Information Science and Knowledge Studies Students and Graduates. Sciences and Techniques of Information Management, 3(4): 97-114. [In Persian]
Saeedy Rezvani, M., Hoseinzadeh, M. & Baghgoli, H. (2011). The Occupational Destiny of Education and Psychology Students Graduated from Ferdowsi University of Mashhad. Studies in Education & Psychology, (11)2: 57-87. [In Persian]
Safavi, Z. & Moradi, K. (2013). Challenges and Barriers to Encourage Graduates of Library and Information Science to Entrepreneurship and Job Creation. Information Systems and Services, 2(2): 55-66. [In Persian]
Salehi, E. (2006). Employment Status of Female Graduates: A Case Study. IRPHE, 12(1):
41-60. [In Persian]
Sharafi, M. & Moghadam, M. (2017). Analyzing the Employment Status of the Educational Sciences Graduates: A Case Study. Educational Leadership and Management, 1(2): 167-192. [In Persian]
Shariatzadeh, M. (2009). Investigating the Educational and Employmental Status of Grduates in Computer, Finance, Accounting and Agriculture Fields in Branch of Work and Knowledge and Comparison of Their Status, Especially in Terms of Employment in the Labor Market with Graduates of the Theoretical Branch. Quarterly Journal of Education, 25(4): 7- 26. [In Persian]
Shongwe, M. & Ocholla, D. (2013). An analysis of the library and information science (LIS) job market in South Africa. South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science, 79(1): 35-43.
The University of Western Ontario, faculty of Library and Information Science Placement Survey (2017). Retrieved 18 July, 2019 from:
Zarghani, M., Shamousi, N., Mohageq, N., Haseli, M., Jahanjou Abad, F. & Tahamtan, I. (2016). Assessing the Medical Librarians’ Employment Status in Hospital Libraries in Thehran City. Hospital, 15(1): 77-85. [In Persian]
Zeinaly, A. (2011). Investigatin On Related Factors to Graduates Occupation of Nagadeh Payam-e-Nour University (Sociology Feild) (1380-1389). M.A. Thesis of Sociology Science. Tehran: Department of Social Sciences, University of Allame Tabatabaii. [In Persian]