Ergonomic Investigation of Information Centers Users in Academic Libraries: University of Tabriz -The Library and Documentation Center

Document Type : Original Article


1 MSc. Knowledge and Information Science, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.

2 Associate Professor, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.


Aim: The aim of the research was to investigate the ergonomic activities of the information center’s users in the library and documentation center of the University of Tabriz.
Methodology: Regarding the diversity of the population of the research, 385 students selected as a sample by probabilistic methods. Finally, 300 students fulfilled the questionnaire. The researcher-developed questionnaire used as a data-gathering tool and the data was analyzed by the SPSS statistical package.
Findings: Findings: The findings of the research showed that users use computers daily between 1-2 hours at most. 7.7 percent of the students had muscular and skeletal problems. The average score of environmental factors, user’s concordance and utilization of ergonomic principles, and considering personal ergonomic principles are 2.77, 3.06, and 2.85, respectively. General findings showed that the "ergonomy of environmental factors" and "considering personal ergonomic principles" are significantly lower than the average and the "user’s concordance and utilization of ergonomic principles" variable is at an average level. Findings also showed ergonomy of environmental factors of men significantly more than women.
Also "ergonomy of environmental factors", "considering personal ergonomic principles", and "user’s concordance and utilization of ergonomic principles" are not statistically significant between students with the muscular and skeletal problem and other students, as well as between variant education levels and different daily use of computers.
Conclusion: The amount of ergonomy of environmental factors, and considering personal ergonomic principles are significantly lower than average, and "user’s concordance and utilization of ergonomic principles" is at an average level.

Alamolhodayi, M. (2002). Ergonomic study of workplace and computer-related physical injuries to Librarians. Master Thesis. Tehran: Faculty of Management and Information Technology, Iran University of Medical Sciences. [Persian]
Ali Pour Nodooshan, Kh. (2010). A look at the ergonomic problems of librarians working with computers. Librarian Publishing, (Electronic Magazine), Retrieved in March 2017: [Persian]
Alipour Abdoli, H., Sanai Nasab, H.,Valipour, F. & Sepandi, M. (2016). Ergonomics characteristics of computer users based on the transtheoretical model-stage of change. Health Research Journal, 151-157: (3)1. [Presian]
Alizadeh, M. (2006). Examination of physical and mental injuries and aftermaths resulting from working in the National Library of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Master Thesis. Tehran: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Islamic Azad University, North Tehran Branch. [Persian]
Bahrami, L. (2013). Ergonomic conditions in public libraries of Khuzestan province and physical damage due to non-observance of ergonomic principles among librarians of this library. Master Thesis. Ahwaz: Faculty of Education and Psychology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahwaz. [Persian]
Chao, S.C. & Chiang, B. (2001). Planning and implementing library ergonomics programmed: Case study at Queens's college library the University of New York. The electronic library, 19(5): 327-339.
Chao, S.Y., Chang, C. & Chiang, B. (2001). Planning and implementing a library ergonomics program: Case study at Queens College Library. The Electronic Library, 19(5): 327-341.
Fisher, T. & Gibson, T. (2008). A. measure of university employees' exposure to risk factors for work-related musculoskeletal disorders. Aaohn Journal, 56(3): 107-114.
Herbert, R., Dropkin, J., Sivin, D., Doucette, J., Kellogg, L., Bardin, J., Warren, N., Kass, D. & Zoloth, S. (1997). Impact of an ergonomics program featuring adjustable chairs on upper extremity musculoskeletal symptoms among garment workers. In: Managing Ergonomics in the 1990's: A Discussion of the Science and Policy Issues Conference, Cincinnati, 12(1).
Heydarian, K. (2003). Ergonomic study of workstations in laboratory units of educational hospitals of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences and its relation to human resource efficiency. Master Thesis. Tehran: Faculty of Management and Medical Information, Iran University of Medical Sciences and Health Services. [Persian]
Hosseini Moghadam, Sh. (2001). Role of ergonomics in university libraries with library and information science departments in Tehran. Master Thesis. Tehran: Library and Information Science Department, Islamic Azad University, Tehran North Branch. [Persian]
Koranlo, M. (2007). Evaluating the status of adhering ergonomic priciples in the work environment of librarians of central libraries of the industrial universities of Tehran. Master Thesis. Tehran: Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Tehran. [Persian]
Kouhnavard, B., Roshanaei, A., Barkhordari, A& . Parvin, S. (2017). The Relationship between Ergonomic Conditions and Productivity of Librarians Working in Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences and Affiliated Educational-Research Centers, Yazd in 2014. Journal of ccupational Hygiene and Health Promotion,1(1): 62-71. [Persian]
Mirhosseini, Z. & Gholizadeh, N. (2011). Investigating the physical injuries of workplace among librarians of governmental universities of Isfahan based on Ergonomic principles. Epistemology, 3(11): 117-133. [Persian]
Nouri, R., Hakimi, Z., Majidfard, A., Kabiri, P. & Aminpour, F. (2011). Knowledge of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences Librarians about the Ergonomics Principles of Computer Application. Health Information Management, 7(4): 459-466. [Persian]
Rastegari, F., Zare, V., Nazari, J. & Asghari, M. (2012). Evaluation of ergonomic status of public libraries and its role in job stress. In: the first conference on Clinical Audit and Quality Improvement, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Iran. [Persian]
Reddy, J.V. (2015). Evaluation of Library Furniture and Anthropometric Characteristics of St. Mary’s Students for Ergonomics Design of Table and Chair. International Journal of Research Studies in Science, Engineering and Technology, 2(5): 27-32.
Timoteo-Afinidad, C.B. (2010). Workstation and workspace ergonomics in Philippine libraries: an emerging priority. Journal of Philippine Librarianship, 30(1): 21.
Voerman, G.E., Sandsjö, L., Vollenbroek-Hutten, M.M., Larsman, P., Kadefors, R., & Hermens, H.J. (2007). Effects of ambulant myofeedback training and ergonomic counseling in female computer workers with work-related neck-shoulder complaints: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of occupational rehabilitation, 17(1): 137-152.
Yektaee, T., Tabatabaee Ghomshe, F. & Piri, L. (2013). The Effect of Ergonomic Principles Education on Musculoskeletal Disorders among Computer Users. Archives of Rehabilitation, 13(4): 108-116. [Persian]