Investigating the Relationships between Job Satisfaction with Organizational Commitment, and Ethical Climate among Public Librarians of Kermanshah Province using Structural Equation Modeling

Document Type : Original Article


1 Associate Professor, Department of Knowledge and Information Science, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Knowledge and Information Science, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran

3 M.A., Department of Knowledge and Information Science, Kermanshah, Iran

4 PhD., Department of Knowledge and Information Science, Payame Noor University, Mashhad, Iran


Purpose: This study aims to determine the structural equation pattern of relationships between job satisfaction with organizational commitment and ethical climate among librarians of public libraries in Kermanshah province.
Methods: The research method is the type of correlation studies and the modeling of structural equations. The statistical population of this study included all 180 public librarians of Kermanshah province. Using stratified random sampling, 122 people were selected as the sample size based
on the Cochran formula. Spector's Job Satisfaction Questionnaire (1999), Allen & Meyer's Organizational Commitment Questionnaire (1990), and the revised Victor and Cullen's Questionnaire (1988) were used. To test the hypotheses, structural equation modeling and correlation coefficient tests, simple linear regression, and the Seville test were used with SPSS software.
Findings: The findings showed that there is a significant relationship between the job satisfaction of public library librarians and their understanding of the ethical climate. The state of job satisfaction, organizational commitment and ethical climate is more than average at the public libraries in Kermanshah province.
Also, the more job satisfaction librarians of public libraries have, the more commitment they will have to their organization, and public library officials should pay more attention to this issue. High organizational commitment increases the effect of job satisfaction on ethical climate. Finally, organizational commitment has an effect on the relationship between job satisfaction and organizational climate and makes the relationship between these two variables stronger.
Conclusions: Ethical climate and recognition of ethical values in the organization lead to ethical behaviors. Furthermore, ethical climate plays a fundamental role in receiving organizational rewards and benefits, implementing organizational procedures and decisions, dealings, and interactions. Employees who find high satisfaction and commitment in the organization, their understanding of the ethical climate in the organization increases. The results of the structural equation analysis test on the proposed research model showed that the model had a good and acceptable fit and all paths (hypotheses) were confirmed with high confidence. The results showed that if the librarians have job satisfaction, they can have a positive understanding of the ethical climate in the library, spend more time there and show a high commitment to performing their duties.


Main Subjects

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