Expanding the Educational Content of Bruner's Curriculum through the Integration of Information Literacy Skills and Critical Thinking

Document Type : Original Article


Associate Professor, Department of Knowledge and Information Science, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran


Purpose: Identifying, accessing, and evaluating course content, along with the skills of extracting, reasoning, and inferring, lead to the organization and presentation of materials in teaching. The purpose of the current research is to enhance the educational content of Bruner's curriculum by incorporating information literacy skills and critical thinking.
Method: The current research is fundamental in terms of its purpose and has conducted using with the comparative qualitative content analysis method, with a directional approach. Research data has been collected in six stages through the study of library documents. The validity of the current research is based on content and reliability, utilizing library texts and documents. The reliability is ensured through a detailed description of steps and information analysis, as well as the principle of verifiability by maintaining documents related to different stages of the research. Finally, the principle of accuracy is intended to convey the research results accurately and in detail.
Findings: The research findings indicated that the ability to identify information needs and analyze effectively empowers learners to respond to both typical and atypical questions within the content. The skill of obtaining the required information and the ability to infer encourage learners to engage critically with the content, prompting them to problematize and build upon previous concepts at the start of the lesson. The ability to critique and evaluate information sources, along with inferential reasoning skills, can transform content from simple to complex by presenting new concepts in a prominent and specific manner. The skill of optimal utilization of information sources and the ability of inductive reasoning are essential for learners to comprehend concepts by identifying similarities and differences, promoting practical guessing based on the content. The skill of complying with legal and ethical principles in information use, along with the skill of evaluation, fosters awareness in learners and lays the foundation for active participation, teamwork, self-direction, and independence.
Conclusion: Learners in the process draw based on the fourteen cases of the educational from of curriculum, integrating the skills of information literacy and thinking. This integration helps them thinking, establish connections relationships information the information in their leading leads enhanced greater understanding, learning, learning the assimilation of new achieving content concepts. new. It is suggested to enhance the educational content of Bruner's curriculum by incorporating critical thinking skills and information literacy.


Main Subjects

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