Personal Information Management: An Essay on its Definitions, Approaches and Background

Document Type : Original Article


1 Professor of Information Science and Knowledge, Shahid Chamran University

2 M. A. of Information Science and Knowledge, Shahid Chamran University

3 Assistant Professor of Information Science and Knowledge, Shahid Chamran University

4 M. A. of Information Science and Knowledge, University of Tehran (corresponding author)


Purpose: The present study seeks to provide definitions and discuss major perspectives in the realm of personal information management, coupled with a view to its foreign research background and status of the studies in this regard in Iran.  It also provides some suggestions for its improvement in Iran.
 Methodology: This study has been carried out within the framework of a library research and focusing on the research literature available on personal information management.
 Findings: Research in the field of personal information management can be divided into early studies, and paper-based vs. electronic information management. Studies concerned with electronic personal information management can be divided in one of the following five categories: 1. Personal information management of certain individuals; 2. Comparison carried out between electronic vs. paper-based personal information management; 3. A three-fold approach to the electronic personal management; 4. Relevant emails, bookmarks, and saved pages; and 5. Designing relevant management  systems and software, particularly for electronic personal information management. Iranian studies in this area are still in their infancy, with the focus of a greater bulk of research so far carried out merely on surveying the situation in the societies under study.
 Conclusion: Results indicate that time and technology make the most important factors in the variation observable in the research in personal information management. Researchers first studied the situation of those individuals who have a greater bulk of personal information; then they focus on other people of various social strata. Gradually electronic personal information management take precedence over the traditional paper-based one, all in effect of modern technological developments.
 Originality/ value: This present study can be considered as a pioneering work in Iran that provides definitions, theoretical foundations, and presenting conclusions in the realm of personal information management.



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