Evaluation of faculty members of higher education institutions of blended E-learning system

Document Type : Original Article



Purpose: Accordingly, the present study aims at assessing the e-readiness and attitudes of university faculty members and invitees from Payam-Noor universities of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province (Shahrekord and Farsan) towards teaching methods of Blended E-learning.
Methodology: All the faculties of universities were studied through a census in 2012. In addition, two questionnaires were used to collect data. Data were analyzed in the software SPSSv.19 in order to compute descriptive and inferential statistics.
 Findings: The study revealed two university academic excellence in both manpower and use of information technologies are afforded the privilege 0.19 and 0.15. The Findings of computer and technical skills very satisfying in a way, in this study, with an average value of this variable is 3/50.
Conclusion:in the attitude towards the establishment of the approach, its opposition to 60% to 21% as compared to the system were agreed. Statistical analysis, no significant differences in age, gender and teaching experience showed how attitudes toward e-learning methods combined.


  1. Albrecht, K. (2003); "Organizational intelligence and knowledge management: Thinking outside the silos"; The Executive Perspective. Retrieved from :  www.karelAlbrecht.Com , 1-170.
  2. Allen E.I. and Seaman J. (2006); "Making the grade – Online education in the United States"; Babson Survey Research Group. Needham, MA: The Sloan Consortium.
  3. Al-Wehaibi, Khawla. , Al-Wabil, A. Alshawi, A., and Alshankity, Z., (2008); "Barriers to Internet Adoption among Faculty in Saudi Arabian Universities"; In J. Luca and E. Weippl (Eds.). Proceedings of World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia and Telecommunications pp, 24-33. Che sapeake, VA: AACE.
  4. Buckley KM. (2003);" Evaluation of classroom-based, Web-enhanced, and Web-based distance learning nutrition courses for undergraduate nursing"; J Nurs Educ; 42(8): pp, 367-370.
  5.  Ebrahimzadeh, I. (2007); " Transition from Traditional Distance Learning to Online Learning at PNU: Innovation and Challenge of Change", (A Case Study); Quarterly journal of Research and Planning in Higher Education, 13 (1); pp 113-134(in Persian).
  6.   Gulati, S. (2008);" Technology-enhanced Learning in developing nations: A Review" ; International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning 9(1): pp, 1-16.
  7.    Garrison DR, Vaughan ND. Blended Learning in Higher Education: Framework, Principles, and Guidelines. San Francisco (CA): Jossey- bass; 2008.
    1.    Garnham, C., & Kaleta, R. (2002); Introduction to hybrid courses. Teaching with Technology Today, 8(6), pp. 1–5.
      1. Hanafi zadeh, p., M. R. Hanafizdeh & M. Khodabakhshi (2007a);"Designing a Methodology for Presenting Iran's E-readiness. Assessment Model"; Journal of science & Technology, Vol:48, ( in Persian ).
      2. Hanafi zadeh, p., M.  Khodabakhshi &  M. R. Hanafizdeh (2007b); "Extracting Core Indicators for ICT Measurement: Building a Rich Integrated Set of Core ICT Indicators " ;Iranian Journal of Management Sciences ,Vol. 2,NO.5,PP.1-33(in Persian).
  8.    Illinois Online Network (ION) University of Illinois,(2007); A tools to Assist in the Design Redesign, and /or Evaluation of Online Courses, Availabale-at : http://www.ion.illinois.edu.
  9.    Kardan, A. and Fahimifar, A. (2008); Developing of Higher Education Attending of Virtual  Education : Responding for Needs, Increasing Access and Challenges.Availableat:http://vld.um.ac.ir/parameters/vld/filemanager/Articles/00113.pdf.
  10. Kirkman, G. S., C. A. Osorio & J. D Sachs (2001); The Networked Readiness Index: Measuring the preparedness of Nations for the Networked world; Center for International Development, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA.
  11. Mohamad khani M. Blended Learning. Journal of Management 2007; 172: 35-40.
  12. Miller, G. and Miller, W. (2000); A Telecommunications Network for Distance Learning: If it s Built, will Agriculture Teachers Use it? ; Journal of Agricultural Education, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 79-87.
  13. Miller, M. T. and Mei-Yan, L. (2003) ; Serving Non-Traditional Learners in E-Learning Environments: Building Successful Communities in the Virtual Campus; Educational Media International; Jul, 40(1/2):163, Available: http://web.ebscohost.com.
  14. Ruiz JG, Mintzer MJ, Leipzig RM (2006), The  impact of E-learning in medical education. Acad Med; VOL. 81 (3), PP: 207–212.
  15. Rahimi Dust GH. ," How was the experience of e-learning?" Leading challenges in learning projects, library science information. Science 2007; 10(2): 337-355. [Persian].
  16. Sung YH, Kwon IG, Ryu E. (2008) Blended learning on medication administration for new nurses: Integration of E-learning   and face-to-face instruction in the classroom. Nurse Education Today; VOL.28 (8):PP. 943-953.
  17. Schoepp, K. (2005); Barriers to Integration in a Technology Rich Environment; Learning and Teaching in Higher Education: Gulf perspective, Vol. 2, pp. 1-24.
  18. Sharpe R, Benfield G, Roberts G, Cited 2010, Oct 6, Francis R.The undergraduate experience of blended e-learning: a review of UK literature and practice. The Higher Education Academy.
  19. Sharma R.C. and Mishra S. (2007), Cases in Global ELearning Practices: Successes and Pitfalls Hershey, Pennsylvania: Idea Group Inc.
  20. Twomey A. (Aug 2004); Web-based teaching in nursing: lessons from the literature. Nurse Educ Today; VOL.24,  NO.6, PP: 452-8.
  21. Takalani, T. (2008); Barriers to E- Learning Amongst Postgraduate Black Students in Higher Education in South Africa; Published Master Thesis of Philosophy, Stellenbosch University.
  22. Thiele JE. (2003), Learning patterns of online students. J Nurs Educ; VOL. 42NO.8, PP:364-366.
  23. Zolfaghari M, Mehrdad N, Parsa Yekta Z, Salmani Barugh N, Bahrani N. "The Effect of Lecture and Elearning, Methods on Learning Mother and Child Health Course in Nursing Students. Iranian Journal of Medical Education (2007); 7(1): 31-39.
  24. Zolfaghari M, Mehrdad N, Parsa Yekta Z, Salmani Barugh N, Bahrani N."Satisfaction survey of nursing and midwifery students and teachers to use Blended, e-learning system, Nursing Research. Volume 3, No. 10 and 11, Autumn and Winter(2008), pp. 109-99.