عنوان مقاله [English]
Traditionally, when a library buys a book from a publisher, according to the "first sale or exhaustion " theory, the purchased copy is no longer subject to copyright control rules. Lending books in libraries is based on exactly the same legal basis. But this basis is not very effective in lending books to e-libraries. So from the point of view of some, At present, copyright law presupposes the or exhaustion of rights only to tangible objects, such as printed books, and vice versa; The status of digital works is ambiguous.
Books and digital works Digital libraries are divided into three categories in terms of the status of publishing rights and especially the legal status of access to them; First, copyrighted works (sponsored); Second, Orphan Works And finally, Out-Of-Print Works. The solution that strengthens digital libraries is to assign Orphan and Out-Of-Print Works to the public domain. The transformation of these works as part of public ownership does not sever the connection of the work with its creator, and in fact, these works generally have a family and this family (society) will enjoy it and benefit from its benefits.