عنوان مقاله [English]
Purpose: One of the reasons for the failure in developing knowledge-based cities is the incomplete understanding of the dimensions and factors involved in this type of development, as well as the fundamental weakness in determining the strategic priorities of programs and resource allocation decisions. The main achievement of this article is the introduction and explanation of the model of knowledge-based development for cities in a dynamic and integrated manner. The elements of knowledge-based development are effectively explained, relying on the insights of experts in this field. And it has been explained. The application of knowledge is a key factor in sustaining growth and development. In the context of a country's progress, knowledge is considered a competitive advantage in economic, social, political, and cultural matters. Therefore, the development of knowledge-based cities is an approach in which the application of knowledge and information is of great importance. The economy, production, employment, and overall growth are formed based on this approach, and investment in knowledge-related fields has attracted
the attention of developed countries. The aim of the study is to identify the components of development in knowledge-based cities.
Method: The study population for this research comprises specialists and experts with knowledge of the research subject. The snowball or chain sampling method, a non-probability sampling technique, will be used when the study units are not easily identifiable. This method was chosen because the units under study were very rare and constituted a small portion of the statistical population. The sample size was determined using saturation or judgmental (targeted) sampling. The researchers achieved theoretical saturation after interviewing 32 people but continued the interviews with 38 people to ensure thoroughness. Data collection was conducted through semi-structured interviews.
Findings: The data obtained from the interview, regarding the main research question of identifying the dimensions and components of the development of knowledge-based cities; after categorization and coding, thematic analysis was done Five categories were extracted for the development of knowledge-based cities, which are: 1. Knowledge-based economics with 5 components including: development of advanced industries; incentive and support system; creating a knowledge capital market; smart economy; Smart businesses; 2. intelligent governance with four components including: creating a development-oriented government; freedom of information; development of electronic government; Development of technology infrastructure; 3. Knowledge-based community with four components including civil awareness; intelligent people; knowledge-based education; and Information Society; 4. improving the knowledge of development management with four components including knowledge-based organizations; Development of knowledge cities; Sustainable Development; Development of technical and executive systems and 5. Knowledge and technology policy with five components including commercialization of knowledge; research and development centers; promoting science and technology; National innovation system; and Development of knowledge management. Key success factors in developing knowledge-based cities include: 1. Development of research and development centers and science and technology parks. 2. Attention to single industries. 3. Attention to knowledge management. 4. Strengthening knowledge human capital. 5. Development of technology infrastructure. 6. Creating a national model of innovation. 7. Development of smart and knowledge-based economies. 8. Development of smart governance infrastructure. 9. Network business development. It is suggested that managers create poles of knowledge and technology; develop technological infrastructure; and support systems; Create and development of knowledge-based entrepreneurship and knowledge-based management should take necessary measures.
Conclusion: The key success factors in the creation and development of knowledge-based cities include: 1. Development of research and development centers; 2. Development of science and technology parks; 3. Attention to hi-tech industries (high technology); 4. Expansion of knowledge management in various matters; 5. Strengthening human capital and knowledge;
6. Expanding and developing the infrastructure of new communication and information technologies; 7. Creating a national model of innovation; 8. Development of national technical and scientific networks; 9. Paying attention to the development of necessary infrastructure for networked and smart businesses and other cases.