عنوان مقاله [English]
Organizational Governance from the Clarivate Database Perspective
Objective: Organizational governance encompasses the structure, processes, and methodologies employed by an organization to communicate, direct, organize, and control its activities. Serving as a mechanism for knowledge integration and sharing, organizational governance establishes channels for disseminating knowledge, fostering cooperation among members, and empowering individuals to create, acquire, and share knowledge. It involves leveraging appropriate technologies for storing, transferring, and sharing knowledge, along with continual monitoring and evaluation of knowledge management processes. Building an organizational culture based on trust and knowledge sharing is crucial, particularly when individuals are willing to contribute their knowledge. Essentially, organizational governance plays a pivotal role in enhancing organizational excellence across various levels. It contributes to heightened productivity, efficiency, and effectiveness by promoting better organization, accurate communication, improved risk management, and enhanced access to human and financial resources through the application of effective governance methods. Successful organizational governance necessitates informed policy-making, and a thorough analysis of research in this domain can drive progress. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to analyze the trend of published scientific sources of organizational governance in the Clarivate Database.
Methodology: This applied research utilizes a descriptive method and a scientometric approach to analyze the trend of scientific publications on organizational governance in the Web of Science reference database. The statistical population comprises 249 scientific outputs published between 1981 and 2021in the Clarivate Database. To assess publication and citation patterns in relation to governance indicators (responsibility, political stability, effectiveness, supervisory quality, rule of law, and corruption control), global governance indicators are referenced. VOSviewer and Excel software are employed for data analysis.
Findings: Analysis reveals an upward trend in scientific outputs related to organizational governance from 1981-2021, with a predominant focus on economics, public administration, and government. Notable authors include Philatoto, Leiblein, and Jackson, while countries such as America, England, Canada, Germany, Holland, and China, along with universities like Stanford, Illinois, Arizona, Georgia, Copenhagen, and Harvard, lead in publishing organizational governance outputs. Top-performing countries in governance indicators include Holland, Canada, Germany, England, Taiwan, France, America, Spain, Italy, and China. Co-authorship, co-referencing, and scientific cooperation are identified as relatively limited and dispersed, with countries like America, England, Malaysia, and Brazil demonstrating higher levels of interaction. Key topics in organizational governance encompass governance, management, innovation, systems, organizational and corporate performance, trust, networks, information technology, and cooperation. The study concludes that innovation and technology, particularly in effective e-governance, play a crucial role in enhancing transparency, information accessibility, and overall organizational performance. They facilitate improved management processes, such as reporting and control, and create new avenues for communication and cooperation among organization members, leading to accelerated progress.
The facilitation of governance processes has been found to correlate with increased productivity, efficiency, and effectiveness. Notably, the research indicates a negative relationship between the number of documents and governance indicators, suggesting that fluctuations in scientific output publication influence corresponding changes in governance indicators. However, a robust positive correlation exists between citation rates and governance indicators for countries. This underscores the reciprocal impact of scientific production and citation on governance indicators, emphasizing that countries demonstrating superior performance in governance indicators tend to witness higher publication and citation rates of scientific outputs.
Conclusion: In conclusion, the analysis of scientific outputs in organizational governance can inform sound scientific policies, unveil new subject areas and research gaps, delineate research directions, foster the generation of new knowledge, and prompt further research endeavors. Additionally, it facilitates the anticipation of future scientific developments, identification of influential scientific contributors, establishment of enhanced scientific connections and collaborations across diverse fields, and overall scientific advancement in the realm of organizational governance.